The Chinese government has facilitated the mass transfer of Uyghur and other minority groups from Xinjiang to factories all over the country. The horrid working conditions fit the International Labour Organisation (ILO) indicators of forced labour. Some examples of these breaches include: living in segregated dorms, subject to constant surveillance and limited freedom of movement.
The factories where individuals have been sent after graduating in the ‘re-education’ programs are forced to work. According to ASPI, approximately 80,000 Uyghurs have been sent to these factories from 2017 to 2019. Furthermore, ASPI reports that “Uyghurs are working in factories that are in the supply chains of at least 82 well-known global brands in the technology, clothing and automotive sectors, including Apple, BMW, Gap, Huawei, Nike, Samsung, Sony and Volkswagen.”